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As a rule they were eminently plebeian ; socially they belonged to a rank several grades lower than that of the men who in the next generation filled the Colleges of Kheims, Valladolid, and Douay : '3 but in their restless activity in plotting and slandering they were more than a match for their Eomish successors ; and whatever excuse may be found for the per- secution of Elizabeth in the fierce attacks of Parsons and his fellows, is fairly to be allowed for the atrocities of Mary's reign in the abominable scurrilities of Becon and Knox. Omer's : I also confess'd, that all my Actions had always in Vicio the Good of others, and no one's Harm; tlie 'procuring Peace among all, and the pro- pagating our holy Catholic Faith, and the Kingdom of Christ, to the utmost of my Poioer. His two former examiners were present, but they were held in check by the presence of Sir Edward Coke, the Attorney-General, " Justice Yung," Eobert Beale, the Clerk to the Privy Council, Sir Henry Killigrew, and Sir Michael Blount, the Lieutenant of the Tower, seven in all. The fatal morning came at last, and with it came the end. The dreadful news of Henry Walpole's shameful death was not long in travelling from York to Norfolk. For Michael Walpole's Answer to it, see Oliver's Collect. FISHER UNWIN ^^e^sf/^ Frontispiece ONE GENERATION OF A NORFOLK HOUSE A CONTRIBUTION TO ELIZABETHAN HISTORY BY AUGUSTUS JESSOPP, D. Formerly Head Master of King Edward the Sixth's School, Norwich Hon. They differed only in this, that the Protestants had no discipline, no great unity of principle, no grand unselfish aim. Omer's ; and that I had returned hearty 266 ONE GENERATION OF Thanks to his Catholic Majesty for his great Favours to the Seminarij of St. The wonder in such a case is, not that he broke down at last, but that he endured so long. This time he was not left to the tender mercies of Topcliffe and Drewe alone, nor does it appear that any torture was applied. It is painful to hear of clergymen of learning and character taking part in such an unseemly wrangling, and of a scholar and gentleman like Sir Edwin Sandys putting himself forward and entering the lists ; ^ but these encounters suited the temper of the age, which, after all, was a cruel and coarse one ; and people were attracted in crowds to watch the way in which a criminal met his fate, much in the same spirit that they assembled to look on at a bull-fight or a bear-baiting. His Treatise concerning Antichrist was published in 4to, 1604. There is a letter of Abbot's on the subject of the reli- gious services at the Spanish ambassador's house in the P. It is curious for containing the account of the miracle of the Cross said to have been found in a tree in Sir Thomas Stradling's park in 1559. There is a plate at page 360 professing to give an accurate representation of this Cross, but it is rarely that copies of the book are to be found which contain this plate.] Hazabt, Corn. Of all the works which treat of the history of the labours of the Jesuits in England down to the year 1635, Father More's is by far the most valuable, and unfortunately one of the rarest.] Mu Noz. [Beyond comparison the most important contribution which has yet A NORFOLK HOUSE 25 appeared to the knowledge of the history of the Jesuit Mission to England in 1580.] Slinqsby. The ordinary restraints of religion had been suddenly and violently torn away ; the clerical police was disarmed ; the pulpits silent ; the universities menaced, and warned that their time was coming next ; learning and literature were smitten as with palsy ; thought- ful men looked out upon the future with dismay, almost with despair. The ladye Elizabethe did fo Uowe hir next, and after hir the Lord marques of Exeter's wyfe." — The Chronicles of Queen Jane (Camden Society, 1850), p. A NORFOLK HOUSE 31 augmentation of small livings, the maintenance of preachers, and the providing exhibitions for poor scholars at the two Universities .9 By the same Act the Statute of Mortmain was suspended for twenty-one years, that all who were so inclined might have the opportunity of making some amends for the wholesale spoliation that had been carried on. And whereas I believed I should have been tried at the last Assizes in this City l York] I sent in Writing to the Lord President, all those Con- ferences and Disputations ; who had ordered me Pen, Ink, and Paper for that Purpose. But Walpole had been at the new seminary of Valladolid, and had received certain "labels" to serve as a pass for some Englishman at Dunkirk. If he answered th&sc questions, the prisoner would have been bringing others into jeopardy. ..." This was " Sunday, and the 25th February," 1592-3.— D'Ewes, M. He had been arrested on Christmas Eve, and had apparently been in York Castle ever since.
But it was precisely the best and most devout, the purest and gentlest spirits, upon whom the full force of the blow fell. Paul's Cathedral t " A Proclamation for the reformation of quarrels and other like abuses in the Church. Thomas Walpole had little or nothing more to tell ; he had already told all ; how much that was may appear from Topcliffe's own letter, in which he exultingly praises the young man for his candour, and adds to the Lord Keeper, " By this your Lordship may show unto her Sacred Majesty how God blessed her Highness with the uttering of that which I see will turn to her high service for discovering of disloyal men and women both about London, in sundry counties in England, and deeply in Ireland ; " and then, after giving a list of some trinkets and tokens with which Henry Walpole had been entrusted to hand to the friends of the exiles if he should be fortunate enough to meet with them on his mission, Topcliffe significantly adds, "Much more lieth hid in these two lewd persons, the Jesuit and Lingen, which wit of man giveth occasion to be suspected that labour of man without further authority and conference than his Lordship hath here can never he digged out. So the Jesuit and Lingen must be dealt with in some sharp sort above, and more will burst out than yet, or otherwise, can be known, yet see I more in this service than ever I did in any before to her Majesty's benefit both of state and purse."^^ Yes, for be it re- membered that this same Henry Walpole was his father's eldest son and heir, and it might be that the old man at Anmer Hall could be got at and accused, for such things A NORFOLK' HOUSE 263 had been before and might be again, and it might be too that rumours were rife that old Christopher's health was failing, and then whose would the inheritance be? In a letter of Lord Huntingdon's, dated 12th February, he is spoken of as having gone some time ; '5 but while the result of his visit was as yet unknown, Henry Walpole found means of communicating with his friends outside, and, through the connivance probably of his jailer or other functionaries in the castle, he managed to keep up a corres- pondence, considerable portions of which have been pre- served. Challoner gives the date 4th December, 1593, but this is clearly wrong. They had before them the previous admissions which Henry Walpole had made at York, the information furnished by Thomas Walpole, and the confessions of one of the many vagabond informers. " Here Beamont being put to a Nonplus, Judge Elvin ask'd him, If he was ready to make that Submission to the Queen, in Matters of Beligion, which the Laws of the King- dom required, viz., To acknowledge her Supremacy, and abjure the Pope? Walpole, said he, when, notwithstandijig all these Treasons and Conspiracies xoith the Persons afore- said, we offer you the Benefit of t Jie Law if you will bid A NORFOLK HOUSE 301 raahe the Submission order'd by the Laio ; ivhich, if you will not accept of, it is proper you should be punish' d accord- ing to the Law.
THIRD EDITION, REVISED NOV 2 9 2004 |21 2 '"^0 5 7 272 r(«A««K_ra&^ si^cle dans le Nord de la France, et sur les services qu'ils ont rendus a la Keligion Catholique en Angleterre; par I'Abbe C. Destombes, Directeur au petit Seminaire de Cambrai. Do DD, Charles.— The Church History of England, from the year 1500 to the year 1688, chiefly with regard to Catholics ; being a complete account of the divorce, supremacy, dissolution of monasteries, and first attempts for reformation under Henry VIII. The sufferings of the victims naturally begot an antipathy to the woman by whose authority they were inflicted."— Lingard, v. A NORFOLK HOUSE 33 faction, whose one and only bond of union was their com- munity in hatred of their sovereign, stood to her precisely in the same attitude as that adopted subsequently by the Seminarists to her successor. I confess'd in my Examinations, That I had labour' d for the Encrease of the Tivo Seminaries in Spain, and for that of St. It was, as I have said, only a question of time : each repetition of the torture must needs have weakened the power of resistance. Once again the prison was turned into a debating place, and a crowd of polemics presented themselves to dispute on points of controversial divinity with this man who had but a few hours to spend on earth.
Canon of Norwich AUTHOR OF "THE COMING OF THE FRIARS," ETC., ETC. and II., and King James II., particularly the lives of the most eminent Catholics, Cardinals, Bishops, inferior Clergy, Regulars and Laymen, who have distinguished themselves by their piety, learning, or mi Utary abilities . This uncompromising * " The foulest blot on the character of this queen is her Ipng and cruel persecution of the Reformers. " 1 can never end when I get any Time to write to your Eeverence, which I have been seldom able to do ; and whether, as long as I live, I shall ever have another Oppor- tunity I know not. Honour and fame and wealth had long ceased to have any attraction for him : no bribe that this world could present would have tempted him for a moment ; but A NORFOLK HOUSE 283 the horrors of that dark dungeon, the presence of those ghastly instruments of torture, the immeasurable agony of wrenched joints and strained sinews, the spasm succeeding spasm, and the swoon from which he was awakened only to be racked again, the certainty that he was in the power of men in whom there was no more pity than in the stone walls that re-echoed his groans, — all this proved too strong for human resolve, and he gave way. Once again he was subjected to an ordeal which to our mind appears, under the circumstances, eminently shocking and indecent, but which to our fore- fathers seemed only a proper and commendable proceeding.
Su Jornada a Inglaterra, y sucessos en aquel Reyno. Ex officina Weissenhorniana apud Wolffgangum Ederum, Anno eodem. [Another edition of this was published next year, •'In Macerata, Apresso Sebastiano Martellini," with considerable additions — e.^., the account of William Hart is nearly twice as long, and the narrative of George Hadock's execution is given for the first time.] [Parsons.] A Brief e Apologie and Defence of the Catholike Ecclesiastical Hierarchic, and Subordination in England, erected these later yeares by our Holy Father Pope Clement the Eighth : and impugned by certaine libels printed and published of late both in Latin and English ; by some unquiet persons under the name of Priests of the Seminaries. — Vie du Pere Henri Walpole, mort pour la Foi en Angleterre sous Elizabeth. This conference was not published till twenty-eight years after it took place, and in the meantime Hart had returned to his Jesuit friends, and been received apparently without any suspicion. Less than a month before, she had been declared illegitimate and incapable of succeeding to the crown by letters patent, the draught of which her brother had prepared with his own hand." At the moment when Edward breathed his last, her life was believed to be in imminent peril ; and no sooner did the tidings of his decease reach her at Hunsdon, in Herts, than she fled as fast as relays of horses could carry her, and rode night and day without halt for a hundred miles, to Kenninghall, twenty miles from Norwich, a castle of the Howards.! Once again an abbot of Westminster ruled in the venerable cloister over a score or so of Benedictine monks collected under his crozier ; once again Dominican friars were settled at Smithfield, and Observant friars at Greenwich; and nuns of the order of St. Hi LSEY " being much addicted from his childhood to learning and religion, nothing was wanting in his sufficient parents to advance them." — Ath. Ho LBECH was " a true favourer of the Gospel, and made much use of in the reforming and settling of the Church." King. Perhaps the most memorable instance of a monk becoming a protestant martyr is that of Bishop Hooper. One of the Ministers complain'd of me much to the President, for being so bold as to put down such Things in Writing : But he could not refute what was written : And, indeed, they seem to me to be much confounded. The pi'isoner was taken back to his cell ; he occupied him- self in drawing pictures of saints and angels upon the walls and ceiling, and in carving his name on the stone, where it A NORFOLK HOUSE 281 remains to the present hour. 255, gives a good account of Wentworth's two offensive speeches. s It was too late on the Thursday to proceed with this man's trial, and when it ONE GENERATION OF came on it occupied the whole of the next day.
— Dialogi sex contra summi Pontificatus, Monasticaa Vitas, Sanctorum, Sacrarum imaginum oppugnatores et Pseudo- martyres: Ab Alano Copo Londinensi editi . — Kerckelycke Historic van de Geheele Werelt, naeme- lyk vande voorgaende ende Tegenwoordige Eeuwe, Beschreven door den Eerw. — Vida y Virtvdes de la Venerable Virgen Dona Luisa de Carvajal y Mendo Qa. Alexis Possoz de la Compagnie de Jesus, Casterman, Tournai, 1869. — The Somme of the Conference between John Rainoldes and John Hart : touching the Head and Faith of the Church. [John Hart has been the puzzle of friends and foes for three hundred years : he was one of Campion's associates ; condemned to death in 1581, and pardoned for some reason shortly after. [This edition contains a Diary kept in the Tower, from 1580 to 1585, by Edmund Rishton the editor, which, though short and meagre, contains some curious information.] Si MPLON. ^ Such was the state of affairs in England I 30 ONE GENERATION OF when Queen Mary ascended the throne. Nor was this all : a beginning was actually made in the direction of restoring the monastic bodies. 113, where an account of him and his writings may be found. Ki TCHi N was the one single Bishop in the kingdom who consented to take the oath of allegiance to Queen Elizabeth, and to assist at her coronation. 636 et seq.) would suspect that Hooper was for some years a Cistercian monk at Gloucester? To which I joined a large Discourse, or Treatise ; in which I exhorted all to beware of false Prophets, and to give Ear to the Voice of the holy Church, the Spouse of the King, the House, the Vineyard, and the City of Christ. He had said, too, that at Valladolid there were some forty young Englishmen pursuing their studies : these were the sons of men of substance and position at home. Pressed to name these, he flatly refused : they could get no more from him, A formal report of the examination was drawn up — the whole business must have taken some hours — and Henry Walpole and the three commissioners appended their names to the document, and the first examination came to an end. On the second occasion of his outspokenness, seventeen years after, " so highly was her Majesty offended that they must needs commit them [Wentworth and Sir Henry Bromley] .... He had never been connected with the Jesuits, and was a seminary priest of whom very little is known.